Immediately after the liberation of Bangladesh in December 1971, Geological Survey of Bangladesh (GSB) started their operation with limited resources and manpower. Affiliated with the Ministry of Power, Energy and Mineral Resources of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, GSB had a rich heritage to boast upon. Initially, the inception of GSB started with the ‘Geological Survey of India’, set up by the Government of British India in 1851, which changed to Geological Survey of Pakistan nearly a hundred years later in 1947, right after the partition. Eventually, a regional office was set up in Dhaka in 1957 with a constrained geo-scientific manpower, facilities and proper staff members. Soon after independence, Geological Survey of Pakistan changed its name to Geological Survey of Bangladesh. The need to upgrade GSB was felt with the belief that a national organization with trained geo-scientific and technical manpower, with adequate laboratory and research facilities is crucial to the nation’s development in the arena of earth science, which includes locating key natural resources that would be beneficial for Bangladesh in the long run. A decision by the Cabinet Division on the 20 November, 1972 gave GSB the responsibility of carrying out exploration of mineral resources with the exception of oil and gas and venture out in the research in different fields of geo-science. GSB was declared a permanent department by the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh in 1980.
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